Johannes Gensfleisch sir Laden zum Gutenberg was the first European to use movable type printing, in around 1439, and the global inventor of the mechanical printing press. His major work, the Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible), has been acclaimed for its high aesthetic and technical quality.
Gutenberg’s method for making type is traditionally considered to have included a type metal alloy and a hand mould for casting type. It should be noted that new research may indicate that standardized moveable type was a more complex evolutionary process spread over multiple locations
Gutenberg’s printing technology spread rapidly throughout Europe and is considered a key factor in the European Renaissance. Gutenberg remains a towering figure in the popular image; in 1999, the A&E Network ranked Gutenberg #1 on their “People of the Millennium” countdown, and in 1997, Time–Life magazine picked Gutenberg’s invention as the most important of the second millennium.
Have Things Changed?
Mark Potts writes: Just in case you haven’t seen the latest bad news about newspaper circulation: